Git 101

Here is a quick how-to on how to create a local Git repository and push to a remote repository. Call it Git 101!

For those that don’t know, Git is a source code management system that was initially developed by Linus Torvalds for the Linux Kernel.

First, open a new console session and check to see that Git is installed on your system.

$ git --version
git version

If Git is not installed on your system, please see

Once you have verified that Git is installed, the next step is to navigate to the root folder of your project and initialize a new repository.

$ git init
Initialized empty Git repository in d:/Development/ArchConnect/.git

Now that we have an empty Git repository we will want to add our file. First, we can check to see if there any files to add.

$ git status

On branch master

Initial commit

Untracked files:
(use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)


nothing added to commit but untracked files present (use "git add" to track)

As you can see there are a number of untracked files so go ahead and add them to the repository.

$ git add .

Run the git status command again to see what Git has done.

$ git status
On branch master

Initial commit

Changes to be committed:
(use "git rm --cached <file>..." to unstage)

new file:   ArchConnect.Web/App_Start/RouteConfig.cs
new file:   ArchConnect.Web/ArchConnect.Web.csproj
new file:   ArchConnect.Web/ArchConnect.Web.csproj.user
new file:   ArchConnect.Web/Controllers/HomeController.cs
new file:   ArchConnect.Web/Global.asax
new file:   ArchConnect.Web/Global.asax.cs
new file:   ArchConnect.Web/Properties/AssemblyInfo.cs
new file:   ArchConnect.Web/Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.intellisense.js
new file:   ArchConnect.Web/Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.js

Next, commit the files to the local Git repository.

$ git commit -m "Initial Commit"
[master (root-commit) 855a778] Initial Commit

80 files changed, 79239 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 ArchConnect.Web/App_Start/RouteConfig.cs
create mode 100644 ArchConnect.Web/ArchConnect.Web.csproj
create mode 100644 ArchConnect.Web/ArchConnect.Web.csproj.user
create mode 100644 ArchConnect.Web/Controllers/HomeController.cs
create mode 100644 ArchConnect.Web/Global.asax
create mode 100644 ArchConnect.Web/Global.asax.cs
create mode 100644 ArchConnect.Web/Properties/AssemblyInfo.cs
create mode 100644 ArchConnect.Web/Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.intellisense.js
create mode 100644 ArchConnect.Web/Scripts/jquery-1.10.2.js

Now that all your code has been committed to your local repository, you will need to push your changes to a remote repository to keep them safe.

Usually your remote Git repository will be hosted on a server. The process of getting Git installed on a server is the same as on your workstation. (Alternatively, you can also create a GitHib account to host your remote Git repositories.)

Before you can push your code to your remote repository, you need to initialize a bare repository on the server.

$ git init ArchConnect.git --bare
Initialized empty Git repository in /home/ckooiker/git/repos/ArchConnect.git/

Back on your workstation add the remote repository.

$ git remote add origin username@myawesomeserver:/home/ckooiker/git/repos/ArchConnect.git

When you have your remote repository setup you can go ahead and push the changes.

$ git push origin master
Counting objects: 87, done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (74/74), done.
Writing objects: 100% (87/87), 1.77 MiB | 0 bytes/s, done.
Total 87 (delta 3), reused 0 (delta 0)
To username@myawesomeserver:/home/ckooiker/git/repos/ArchConnect.git
* [new branch]      master -> master

And that’s it, our source code has been committed to remote repository!

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